Coronavirus: A visual guide to the pandemic

Coronavirus has been spreading rapidly across the world, affecting more than 160 countries and claiming more than 11,000 lives.

There are now more than 260,000 confirmed cases – most outside China where the virus originated. Europe is at the centre of the crisis, with cases and deaths rising in several countries.

This series of maps and charts will help you understand what is going on.

1. The virus outbreak is a global pandemic

The rise in the number of daily confirmed cases internationally has led the World Health Organization (WHO) to declare the spread of coronavirus a global pandemic.

This is when an infectious disease is passing easily from person to person in many parts of the world at the same time.

Coronavirus global cases, 20 March 2020

This information is regularly updated but may not reflect the latest totals for each country.

Cases Deaths
China 81,250 3,253
Italy 47,021 4,032
Spain 20,410 1,043
Germany 19,711 53
Iran 19,644 1,433
USA 14,606 210
France 10,873 371
South Korea 8,652 94
Switzerland 4,840 51
UK 3,983 177
Netherlands 2,460 76
Austria 2,388 6
Belgium 2,257 37
Norway 1,895 7
Sweden 1,639 16
Denmark 1,226 9
Malaysia 1,030 2
Portugal 1,020 6
Japan 963 33
Canada 923 12
Czech Republic 774
Diamond Princess cruise ship 712 7
Israel 705
Australia 681 6
Brazil 651 7
Ireland 557 3
Greece 495 6
Luxembourg 484 4
Pakistan 479 3
Qatar 460
Finland 450
Iceland 409
Singapore 385
Poland 378 6
Indonesia 369 32
Turkey 359 4
Chile 342
Slovenia 341 1
Thailand 322 1
Romania 308
Bahrain 285 1
Estonia 283
Saudi Arabia 274
Ecuador 260 3
Egypt 256 7
Russia 253 1
India 244 5
Peru 234 3
Philippines 230 18
South Africa 202
Iraq 192 13
Mexico 164 1
Lebanon 163 4
Kuwait 159
San Marino 144 14
United Arab Emirates 140
Panama 137 1
Slovakia 137 1
Armenia 136
Taiwan 135 2
Argentina 128 3
Colombia 128
Bulgaria 127 3
Serbia 118
Croatia 113 1
Latvia 111
Uruguay 94
Algeria 90 11
Costa Rica 89 1
Vietnam 87
Hungary 85 3
Faroe Islands 80
Brunei 78
Andorra 75
Sri Lanka 73
Albania 70 2
Belarus 69
Jordan 69
Bosnia and Herzegovina 69
Cyprus 67
North Macedonia 67
Moldova 66 1
Malta 64
Morocco 63 2
Tunisia 54 1
Cambodia 51
Lithuania 49
Kazakhstan 49 3
West Bank 48
Oman 48
Guadeloupe 45
Azerbaijan 44 1
Georgia 43
Venezuela 42
Burkina Faso 40 1
New Zealand 39
Senegal 38
Dominican Republic 34 2
Uzbekistan 33
Martinique 32 1
Réunion 28
Liechtenstein 28
Ukraine 26 3
Honduras 24
Bangladesh 20 1
Cameroon 20
DR Congo 18
Ghana 16
Jamaica 16 1
Cuba 16 1
Bolivia 15
French Guiana 15
Guam 14
Maldives 13
Montenegro 13
Paraguay 13
Mauritius 12
Nigeria 12
Jersey 12
Guatemala 12 1
Monaco 11
French Polynesia 11
Gibraltar 10
Togo 9
Ethiopia 9
Ivory Coast 9
Trinidad and Tobago 9
Puerto Rico 8
Rwanda 8
Seychelles 7
Guyana 7 1
Kenya 7
Equatorial Guinea 6
Mayotte 6
Tanzania 6
Mongolia 6
Kyrgyzstan 6
Barbados 5
Suriname 4
Saint Martin 4
United States Virgin Islands 3
Gabon 3 1
Curaçao 3 1
Namibia 3
Saint Barthelemy 3
Congo 3
Cayman Islands 3 1
Bahamas 3
Bhutan 2
Kosovo 2
Saint Lucia 2
Mauritania 2
Haiti 2
Greenland 2
Sudan 2 1
Benin 2
Liberia 2
Guernsey 2
Zambia 2
Chad 1
Somalia 1
El Salvador 1
Central African Republic 1
Cape Verde 1
Djibouti 1
Isle of Man 1
Nepal 1
Eswatini 1
Niger 1
Vatican 1
St Vincent and the Grenadines 1
Fiji 1
Montserrat 1
Guinea 1
Gambia 1
Antigua and Barbuda 1
Nicaragua 1

Source: Johns Hopkins University, national public health agencies

Last updated on 20 March 2020, 18:00 GMT.

More than 80,000 people in China have been diagnosed with the infection since its emergence in the city of Wuhan, Hubei province, in December – although its exact source has not yet been identified.

But there are now more than 180,000 confirmed cases outside China, according to the latest figures from Johns Hopkins University.

The WHO said it took more than three months to reach the first 100,000 confirmed cases worldwide, but only 12 days to reach the next 100,000.

Cases outside of China have continued to rise. Now over 175,000

While these figures are for confirmed cases, the actual number of people with coronavirus internationally is thought to be much higher – as many of those with mild symptoms have not been tested and counted.

In response to the virus’s spread, countries around the world are ramping up measures to try to slow it down.

Governments have halted flights from virus-hit nations, locked down towns and cities and urged people to stay at home.

President Donald Trump has declared a national emergency in the US and announced a travel ban on European countries, including the UK and Ireland, as well as China and Iran.

Travellers from outside the EU are also being turned away from airports and borders after the 27-country bloc imposed a 30-day ban on entry.

Many international conferences and sporting events have also been cancelled or postponed, including Six Nations rugby matches, Euro 2020, the Copa America and this year’s meeting of G7 leaders in the US.

Banner image reading 'more about coronavirus'
Banner

2. The virus has killed more people in Italy than China

Italy currently has the most confirmed cases outside China – and on Thursday surpassed China’s death toll.

While Italy has about 47,000 confirmed cases compared with China’s 81,000, its death toll of 4,000 exceeds China’s by several hundred.

Italy's coronavirus deaths have surpassed those of China and are continuing to rise.
Presentational white space

The majority of Italy’s deaths have occurred in the northern Lombardy region, which contains the city of Milan. Hospitals there are reportedly at breaking point and retired doctors and nurses have been asked to return to work.

The recent jump in deaths comes despite Italian authorities imposing stringent restrictions, closing nearly all shops, bars, hairdressers, restaurants and cafes.

Italy has seen the largest daily rise in deaths. 647

The number of new confirmed cases in Italy also continues to spiral.

They have been increasing since the beginning of March, and there have been almost 30,000 new confirmed cases in the past week.

Chart showing rising cases in Italy 20 March

Schools, gyms, museums, nightclubs and other venues have been shut, and people have been ordered to stay at home and seek permission for essential travel in a bid to slow the virus’s spread.

The lockdown, imposed on 12 March, has now been extended beyond the original 25 March end date.

A number of airlines, including British Airways, EasyJet and Ryanair, have cancelled Italy flights until the start of April.

Short presentational grey line

3. Numbers across Europe are also rising

Other European countries have also seen steep rises in infections and deaths, and the region has become the new epicentre of the crisis.

As well as Italy, Spain, France, Germany and the UK now have thousands of confirmed cases each.

Map of Europe showing Coronavirus cases. Italy has the most with more than 47,000
Presentational white space

Germany’s Chancellor Angela Merkel has warned that up to 70% of its population – some 58 million people – could contract coronavirus.

However, some German virologists dispute the high figure, suggesting a worst-case scenario of 40,000 cases.

Spain, which now has the third highest number of cases outside China, brought in a state of emergency on 14 March.

In the UK, confirmed cases stand at 3,983, and 177 people have died.

Chart showing UK cases and deaths rising 20 March

On Monday, Prime Minister Boris Johnson announced a shift in strategy, urging everyone in the UK to avoid unnecessary social contact and work from home where possible.

On Friday he said that pubs, restaurants, theatres, leisure centres and gyms should all close.

 

Source: https://www.bbc.com/news/world-51235105

By The Visual and Data Journalism Team, BBC News

Image Credit: Getty Images

 

Leave a Reply